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Ron Kilgarlin

CEO At American Screening Corporation

What is the Bare Requirement For Ordering Drug Testing?

Court-ordered drug and alcohol testing can mean the difference between time in jail or time on probation - and can also impact driving privileges, child custody issues and other freedoms. That's why ordering your test correctly from the start is so important.

Urine is the waste material produced by the kidneys to remove excess water, nutrients, and waste products from the blood. It is mainly water, but it also has many other components, including nitrogenous molecules like urea and creatinine and salts (like sodium and potassium).

Urine contains more than 95% water and dissolved waste products. These dissolved substances include nitrogenous molecules, protein, uric acid, and other toxins. A urine test can identify or rule out certain health conditions. Your healthcare professional may ask you to collect a sample at home and explain how to do this.

Hair follicles are tiny structures within your skin that produce hair. They're found all over the body, from the scalp and face to the insides of your ears and nose. Hair is produced in three different growth phases, which means the structure and function of your hair follicles are important to your health. Your follicles also help keep your skin healthy, stimulate nerve endings, give you touch sensations and even generate heat when it gets cold.

A follicle contains a hair root and a sebaceous gland that produces oily sebum. It also contains a specialized muscle called the arrector pili. It's no secret that hair follicles are important and even more impressive when you consider how many of them are in your body. Having hair can improve your confidence and make you feel better about yourself, but it can also lead to issues like thinning or loss of hair.

Blood is a body fluid that delivers essential substances like nutrients, oxygen, and waste products to your cells while transporting metabolic by-products away from those same cells. It also has many other functions, including providing antibodies to fight infection, clotting mechanisms to stop bleeding, chemical messengers, and proteins that help maintain fluid balance.

To make drug testing as accurate as possible, it's best to test samples at an HHS-certified laboratory and have an expert Medical Review Officer (MRO) interpret the results. Depending on the circumstances, positive test results may result in referrals to EAPs or treatment programs and other potential workplace consequences. As with all aspects of your workplace drug-testing program, you will want to ensure that you have a policy and follow it closely.

Oral fluid tests are easy to perform and provide fast results that are difficult for subjects to manipulate. Oral fluids are also non-invasive and do not require a phlebotomist, making them convenient for drug testing on the job. Oral tests are typically the best option for detecting recent drug use, as drugs take time to pass through the system in urine and hair follicles but appear in saliva soon after they're used, often up to two days after use.

Oral fluid testing is an effective alternative to urine and hair follicle testing for both reasonable suspicion and post-accident testing situations because of its short windows of detection. For example, the window of detection for marijuana is up to 24 hours in oral fluid, compared to up to 3 to 67 days in urine testing.

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